If Leviticus 1 was all about the very basis of the sacrificial system (blood sacrifice) and its basis is the end of life, then Leviticus 2 is all about the celebration of life. The grain offering is an offering of the fruit of the earth. It is the fruit of the toil of man. Man works 6 days a week, and he rests one. His work is to bring food and provision for himself and his family. God is the one that gives that provision. He creates the seasons and produces the harvest. He defines growth, life, and hope. The grain and first fruits offerings are a celebration of that.
With the celebration of life is creativity and choices. I see this represented here in the numerous ways that a grain offering can be prepared and presented. It can come as just the grain with oil and frankincense, or it can come having been baked in an oven, or it can come from a griddle, or from a pan, or roasted in the fire. Each has a reason and a purpose, and each can be an acceptable sacrifice and offering to the Lord.
A common theme here is that in each of these, part of the offering is sacrificed, and the other belongs to the priests. They do not work without receiving from the fruit of their labor, and this is the fruit of their labor.
Also, what is the issue with leaven? YHWH really can’t seem to stand it in anything that is offered to Him. I don’t know why. I know He has His reasons, but i certainly don’t know them.
The time has come for all the work to find completion. The design and construction work have been completed and inspected, and now is the time for the assembly and final work to be done. This appears to be a work that Moses, himself does, or in the very least that Moses directs. He anoints it all with oil and puts everything together. Piece by piece and part by part, the work gets done and the tabernacle is erected, “just as the LORD commanded him.”
There is something fascinating to me about the process of anointing oil and anointing with oil. I know that anointing oil and anointing with oil (among other things) are used to represent YHWH’s spirit being poured out as well as being anointed or consecrated for a work. This is what is being represented here. It is a preparation of these materials for the work that YHWH has for them. They are set apart for a holy purpose, and somehow anointing them with oil helps to do this.
Anointing with oil is something that some churches and denominations do, and some do not. It serves the same purposes, it is anointing in preparation of materials for the work of service. It is also to set something / someone apart as holy for God’s use and purpose. The third primary purpose of oil / anointing oil is for healing. Oil used to be used to cleanse wounds to prevent infection and other problems. As such, it is also used to represent the supernatural healing work of God’s Holy Spirit. This can be physical healing as well as mental, emotional, and spiritual healing. It’s a beautiful image of some of the work of the Holy Spirit.
Overall though, the real beauty of this chapter comes in the last verses of the chapter; “Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.” The work is completed. The tabernacle has been anointed and erected, and now the reason and purpose of not only the work and the tabernacle but the very book of Exodus and the Bible is here. The LORD… YHWH, and His glory (weight / presence) fill this place. His is the true anointing presence.
Thus ends the book of Exodus.
What is the significance of scent, of aroma and of oils? Why is it so important? It seems to be important to the LORD, and in part i understand it. Yet on the other hand i know that there is a part to it that i really just don’t grasp. Scents can have a stressing or a calming effect on a person depending very much on what the scent is. They can be irritating, soothing, or both at the same time. In the major prophets when God is talking about the people of Israel, there are numerous times when He makes a statement similar to this; “Your sacrifices are offensive to my nostrils.” Instead of being an aroma, pleasing to Him as is it’s intended purpose, it becomes noxious and vulgar.
Now, i can understand this to some extent as many strong perfumes and candles tend to give me headaches. Also, at one point in my life when i worked as a cashier at a clothing store there was a regular customer who always made it a point to go through my line. She appeared to be an older lady, and she would, whenever she had the chance, stop and talk with me for as long as she could. It was kind of an uncomfortable situation under normal circumstances, but she also wore extremely strong and noxious perfume. It was so bad that the majority of times, after talking with her for about five minutes or so, my head would be spinning so much i would have to lean on the counter to keep from falling over.
But that’s not what God was referring to when He spoke of their sacrifices being noxious in His nostrils. He was referring to how the people would bring their sacrifices to the temple on the right days, but then would live as if YHWH meant nothing at all other times. Their sins and offenses meant nothing to them as long as they came and made their appropriate sacrifices. That is not how these sacrifices and incense are supposed to work. They are supposed to enhance the sacrifice and make it more pleasing and acceptable to Him.
This chapter also deals with the anointing oil. The anointing oil has been a fascinating thing to me. It is used to consecrate and make holy. It is used to define and explain the pouring out of the Holy Spirit. It is used as a symbol of purification and for healing. It is all of this and more. In this chapter the anointing oil and the process of it being made is described in part. Yet, it is still a mystery. Some of the ingredients have been lost in time, or in the least their names have changed and we don’t know what they are anymore. Even if we did know what they were, it would be easy for us in the church today (in our ignorance of God’s Holiness and the importance of His commands) to abuse its use and bring curses down upon ourselves. For those same reasons i am glad that the true pronunciation of the name YHWH has been lost.